With the personal attention of Deng Xiaoping, The Memorial Hall of the Victims in Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders was built and opened on August 15, 1985. After more than 30 years of construction and development, it has grown into a international known memorial.
Now, the Memorial Hall has three basic exhibitions, namely, the exhibition of the historical facts of the Nanjing Massacre by Japanese Invaders, the exhibition of the theme of "three victories", and the exhibition of "sex slaves in World War II—the Japanese 'comfort Women' system and its crimes", showing the history of the Nanjing Massacre, the Japanese 'Comfort Women' system and the great victory of the Chinese people's war of resistance against Japanese aggression as. A total of nearly 4,000 photos, 9,992 cultural relics and 262 videos are on display, demonstrating wisely and solemnly the five major themes of atrocities, resistance, victory, trial and peace. Of the relics, the camera used by John Magee, an American pastor, to take the moving images of the Nanjing Massacre, as well as the videos , has been included in the Memory of the World Register by UNESCO.
The Memorial Hall has three sites of "mass grave" of the Massacre, which were found respectively in 1984, 1998-1999 and 2006. with the remains of victims. After completion of the new exhibition hall of "three victories" and the exhibition hall of Nanjing Liji Lane Comfort Station in December 2015, the Memorial Hall covers a total area of 103,000 square meters, with a building area of 57,000 square meters and a display area of 20,000 square meters. There are 7 squares, 23 individual sculptures, 1 large combined sculpture, 8 walls in various forms, and 17 steles in various shapes.
The memorial hall is a comprehensive museum about the history of the Nanjing Massacre, the Japanese "comfort women" system, and the victory of the world anti-fascist war, where the historical truth is demonstrated completely by a large number of cultural relics, photographs, historical testimonies, videos , archives and historic sites. Each year, aid will be offered to survivors of Nanjing Massacre, the victims of the "Comfort Women" system, and the Anti-Japanese War veterans, etc.
Since its official opening on August 15, 1985, the Memorial Hall has received nearly 100 million visitors from more than 100 countries and regions by the end of 2018. It has been visited by a number of the party and state leaders such as Xi Jinping, and by foreign dignitaries such as Margaret II, Danish Queen, Jimmy Carter, former U.S. President, Zeman, Czech President, Toshiki Kaifu, Tomiichi Murayama, Yukio Hatoyama, and Yasuo Fukuda, former Japanese prime ministers, Arias, former President of Costa Rica and winner of Nobel Peace Prize, Margaret Reed, Australian Senate President, Kang Young-Hoon, former South Korean Prime Minister, as well as by ambassadors to China and consul generals to Shanghai from more than 30 countries. In recent years, the Memorial Hall has given nearly 100 media interviews from United States, UK, Canada, Japan, Spain, Hong Kong, Macao, etc.
From December 13, 2014, the Memorial Hall has been the fixed venue for the National Public Memorial Ceremony of the Nanjing Massacre.